Новые поступления

Higher Education in Development. Lessons from Sub Saharan Africa climate change and poverty in sub saharan africa
This book will interest readers learning about or developing strategies for improving higher educationsystems and institutions in developing countries.It provides an insight into sub-Saharan African higher education systems and sets out the ways that they aredeveloping and changing. It explores the dilemmas inherent in a context of scarce resources with increasingand urgent demands for a more professionalized workforce and expert services. It examines the factorsinhibiting development such as HIV/AIDS, gender issues, historical conflicts, cultural attitudes inimical toinnovation, the challenges created by poor infrastructure, and the history of colonialism and authoritarianismand their legacy of centralized control and lack of autonomy and democracy.The book explores lessons from research into sub-Saharan African higher education that may be applied to other contexts. The authors have lived andworked in sub-Saharan Africa and the book draws on the authors' personal experience of higher education in Zambia, Ethiopia, The Yemen and theirlinks in Mozambique and South Africa as well as extensive senior management experience and at the highest level within sub-Saharan highereducation systems. It uses actual examples and a reflective 'case study' approach to describe reforms, and from these, develops ideas as to how toimprove the effectiveness of higher education as a means to fight poverty.The book explores lessons from research into sub-Saharan African higher educatio...
6202 RUR
Territoriality, Citizenship and Peacebuilding. Perspectives on Challenges to Peace in Africa climate change and poverty in sub saharan africa
Civil conflicts in Africa range from few interstate wars to several intrastate conflicts characterized by secessionist movements, irredentism, coups and counter coups, genocide, wars of liberation to resource-based wars. The varied causes of conflicts in the continent's diverse and complex social formations are seen in ethnic terms and include struggles for economic/environmental resources, poor institutions of governance and issues of identity such as religion, language and racial differences. The core issue addressed in this volume is how to understand and explain the structural and analytical reasons for persistent civil conflicts in Africa. The core assumption is that most civil conflicts in Africa erupt largely because of the nature of state formation in the continent. Other significant variables that are explored as explanations for the persistent instances of civil conflicts in sub-Saharan Africa and the slow efforts at nation-building across the continent include issues of territoriality, climate change, ethnicity, ideological incongruities, institutional problems, the nature of postcolonial state, unreformed governance and economic structures, and corruption. This book also examines some sources of unresolved issues of territoriality and explains their connections to political violence and socio-political and cultural tensions across sub-Saharan Africa. It offers suggestions on how scholarly research and policies could help mediate if not mitigate future territor...
5564 RUR
Contemporary Issues in Mental Health Care in sub-Saharan Africa climate change and poverty in sub saharan africa
Seventy percent of the global burden of mental disorders is located in low and middle income countries (LMIC),including sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, in Africa,only 0.62% of the national health budget is allocated to mental health compared to a global median of 2.8% and 5% in Europe. The government is the source of funding in 62%of patients with severe mental disorder in the World Health Organisation (WHO), Africa Region, the lowest of all the WHO regions, and lower compared to a global median of 79%. This is compounded by poor resources, with mental health outpatient facilities in WHO Africa Region being less that 10% of the global median. To address these problems, the WHO launched its Mental Health Action Gap Programme (mhGAP) in 2008, to scale-up mental health services in low and middle income countries (LMIC). The book is directed to all policy makers in sub-Saharan Africa to aid decision making about the urgent need for sustainable and relevant mental health care strategies, and the important areas that need priority. The book should be helpful to local and international researchers in formulating research questions relevant to the African continent and it will be of interest to medical practitioners and students in the region as adjunct to standard text books.
4452 RUR
Malaria and Poverty in Africa climate change and poverty in sub saharan africa
Malaria is a serious health and economic problem in Africa, afflicting more than half of the continent's population. Although HICV/AIDS, TB and nutritional deficiencies pose major development problems on the continent, the challenges presented by malaria are of a different kind, because the disease is widespread, persistent and grossly underestimated by the general population. The importance of malaria, along with HIV/AIDS and other diseases in the development agenda, is now recognised in Goal 6 of the Millennium Goals. This book provides the evidence required to design and implement malaria control strategies in Africa. The chapters analyse the nexus between poverty and malaria with a focus on policies that can be implemented at various levels of society to fight the disease. Malaria and Poverty in Africa is the outcome of a research sponsored by the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC). Augustin Kwasi Fosu is the Director, Economic Division of the United Nations Commision for Africa, Addis Ababa, and former Director of Research at the AERC, Nairobi. Germano Mwabu is Professor of Economics at the University of Nairobi. He was co-director of the AERC project on Poverty Income Distribution and Labour Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa.
5077 RUR
Tasneem Sadia, Ahsan Ir MD Nasif Impact of Climate Change on Poverty. Evidence from Bangladesh climate change and poverty in sub saharan africa
Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change. The increasing risks from climate change, sea level rise, and natural and man-made hazards-such as cyclones, storm surge, flooding, land erosion, water logging, and salinity intrusion in soil and water have already adversely affected livelihoods of people living in environmentally fragile areas. Considering the possible effects of climate change in the coastal area this study deals with the land ownership pattern and per capita consumption (which is a proxy for poverty).One of the significant results from this study shows positive relation between consumption expenditure (measurement of poverty) and land ownership. Hence, land ownership becomes a crucial factor for capacity of the households while facing challenges of both poverty and vulnerability.So these empirical study-findings conclude that possible effects of climate change worsen poverty in coastal Bangladesh.
9039 RUR
Yannick Rust Can the Millennium Development Goals Contribute to Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa. climate change and poverty in sub saharan africa
Bachelorarbeit aus dem Jahr 2015 im Fachbereich VWL - Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen, , Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: On the basis of this prediction this paper will assess whether the United Nations´ development agenda - the Millennium Development Goals - could provide a pathway in achieving this keen target and herald an era of bold ambition to solve one of the world´s most urging problems. The MDGs comprise eight global objectives, one of them "The eradication of worldwide poverty", which is being measured by a set of economic indicators in order to derive respective strategies for halving destitution between 1990 and 2015. In the course of this work the success and shortfall of the implemented strategies will be analyzed for Sub - Saharan Africa, the region where the greatest share of the world´s poor reside. Furthermore, the chances and deficits that global development agenda such as the MDGs exhibit will be taken into deeper consideration highlighting the needs of the development assistance of the years to come. Ultimately, the future efforts of international institutions, governments and nongovernmental organizations with reference to poverty alleviation will be outlined and evaluated as far as Mr. Kim´s statement of ending poverty within a generation can be realized.
5364 RUR
Emmanuel Boon, Albert Ahenkan Enhancing food security and poverty reduction in Ghana through non-timber forest products farming. Case study of Sefwi Wiawso District climate change and poverty in sub saharan africa
Project Report from the year 2008 in the subject Forestry / Forestry Economics, , course: Human Ecology, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Food insecurity and poverty are the greatest global challenges facing the world today. Their redress is an indispensable requirement for sustainable development in developing countries, particularly in Africa. Poverty continues to be pervasive, intractable and inexcusable in the developing world particularly Sub-Saharan Africa. Extreme poverty ravages the lives of one in every four in the developing world (i.e. 1.2 billion people). The farming of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) is being promoted as a potential solution to the current high rates of malnutrition and poor health of the rural population, the degradation of tropical forests and the spread and intensification of poverty. However, the role of NTFPs in rural development in Ghana remains largely undervalued and understudied. This paper examines the contribution of NTFPs farming in enhancing poverty reduction, food security, sustainable forest management, and livelihoods improvement in the Sefwi Wiawso District (SWD) of the Western Region of Ghana. An exhaustive literature review and analysis of field data collected through administration of questionnaires, interviews and stakeholder consultations indicate that NTFPs are an important tool for addressing poverty amongst marginalised, forest-dependant communities in Ghana. 86% of farmers in SWD depend on ...
1752 RUR
Agriculture under Climate Change. Threats, Strategies and Policies climate change and poverty in sub saharan africa
Agriculture continues to be an important sector fuelling economic growth. Rapidly changing climate is already affecting the production of food and feed, industrial crops, livestock, and seafood. In developing countries like India, agriculture and allied sectors contribute significantly to the gross domestic product. Therefore, evolving strategies to sustain a stable growth of the farming sector is essential for feeding a growing population and poverty alleviation in the face of global climate change. It is crucial to carry out a comprehensive analysis of different aspects of climate change to effectively combat its negative impacts on food production systems and landscapes and reap its potential benefits in agricultural production. Research findings and recommendations on topics as diverse as climate change impacts, genetic enhancement of crops, options for adaptation to climate change, opportunities and challenges for sustainable food production systems have been compiled in this volume. Capacity building for climate resilient agriculture and agriculture policy and planning is equally important to face future challenges. This book makes a compelling effort to address these major issues arising from climate change from an Indian perspective. The important and often conflicting issues in climate change impacts, adaptations and mitigations strategies are brought in to focus and a critical summary of the state-of-art in climate smart agriculture is presented for teachers, resear...
2877 RUR